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This article explains the crucial differences between premodernism and modernism A distinctive feature of premodernism was an abiding faith in nature or God as a stable and foundational source of meaning and value When premodernism gave way to modernism the commitment to foundationalism remained intact Modernists believed that knowledge must be firmly grounded on an objective foundation A crucial distinction between modernism and premodernism however lay in their respective ideas of foundations Whereas premodernists readily accepted God and nature as foundational sources for value and knowledge modernists rejected religious natural and other traditional footings and searched for some alternative foundation In a second stage of premodernism history became eschatological progressing toward a goal while the concept of premodern progress was limited Progress was understood as a movement toward the perfect realization of the eternal and universal principles in an otherwise changing and unstable world

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